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Spaniel types are thought to have been brought from Spain by the Romans - hence the name, which derives from Hispania, the Latin for Spain.
As fare back as the late 1300s a southern French nobelman, Gaston de Foix, wrote a description of Spaniel work that equates well with modern Spaniel tasks.
In about 1800 the first line's of ESS was founded, by the Boughey family of Aqualate, UK, and in 1813 a Stud Book was commenced. These records were, unfortunately only for their own Spaniels. It was not until a dog show in 1859 that the various breeds really began to separate. At that time it was mainly still by size and colour rather than anything else. But by the foundation of the English Kennel Club in 1873, this changes with their official registrations and creation of the Stud Book. Finaly in 1902 the English Kennel Club granted the breed; ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL full recognition in its own right in the official KC Stud Book.
The first ESS were imported to Denmark about 1920, or a bit earlier. The first well known Kennel's in Denmark were "Solveig", "Saxdalen", "Dankas" and "Fredskov". They were active from the late 50's. And until this day, the Kennel Saxdalen is still activ.

Nowadays we have, in Denmark three different types of ESS:
(Pictrures taken from The Danish Spaniel Club Jubilee Book 1993)

English Type                  American Type                 Field Trial Type
The EnglishType                                The American Type                       The Field Trail Type
(Mompesson Foolow Folly)                                                        (Sieger's New York Knicks)                                            (Fjeldsøes Janus)   

At Kennel ConCateNate's we are breeding The English Type (Dual purpose), an ESS,  who serves it purpose, as a perfect companinon, having the will to work and also fulfils the FCI Standard.

Greeny     Malle    Sputnik 
      ConCateNate's Reason to Believe       ConCatNate's A Natural Man           ConCateNate's Moment of Glory                ConCateNate's Pinball Wizard 


GENERAL APPEARANCE: Symmetrically built, compact, strong, merry, active. Highest on the leg and raciest in build of all British land Spaniels.
CHARACTERISTICS: Breed is of ancient and pure origins. Oldest of sporting gundogs; orginal purpose was finding and spriging game for net, falcon or greyhound. Now used to find, flush and retrieve game for gun.
TEMPERAMENT: Friendly, happy, disposition, biddable. Timidity or agression higly undesiable.
HEAD AND SKULL: Skull of medium length, fairly broad, slightly rounded, rising from the fore face, makin a brow or stop,  divided by fluting between the eyes, dying away along forehead towards occipital bone which should not be prominent. Cheeks flat. Fore face of proportionate length to skull, fairly broad and deep, weel-chiselled below eyes, fariely deep and square in flew. Nostrils weel developed.  
EYES: Medium size, almond-shaped, not prominent nor sunken, well set in (not showing haw), alert, kind expression. Dark hazel. Light eyes undesiable.
EARS: Lobular, good length and width, fairly close to head, set in line with eye. Nicely feathered.
MOUTH: Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
NECK: Good length, strong, muscular, free from throatiness, slightly arched, tapering towards head.
FORQUARTERS: Forlegs straight and well boned. Shoulders sloping and well laid. Elbows set well to body. Strong, flexible pasterns.
BODY: Strong, neither too long or too short. Chest deep, well developed. Well sprung ribs. Loin muscular, strong with slight arch and well coupled.
HINDQUARTERS: Hindlegs well let down. Stifles and hocks moderately bent. Thighs broad, muscalar, well developed. Coarse hocks undesiable.
FEET: Tight, compact, well rounded, with strong, full pads.
TAIL: Set low, never carried above level of back. Well feathered, with lively action.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Strictly his own. Forelegs swing straight forward from shoulder, throwing feet well forward in an easy, free, manner. Hocks driving well under body, following in line with forelegs. At slow movement may have a pacing stride typical of this breed.
COAT: Close, straight, and weather-resting, never coarse. Moderate feathering on ears, forelegs, body and hindquarters.
COLOUR: Brown and white, black and white, or either of these colours with tan markings.
SIZE: App. 51 cms.
FAULTS: Any deparure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportions to its degreee.
NOTE: Male aninals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


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Copyright © 1997 by Kennel ConCateNate.
Last Updated: 06 nov 2007 19:59